Flora Nordica – a research project and a scientific flora

Project Books Published Planned På svenska svenska

project organization distributors front page

The project

Flora Nordica started in 1987 as a research project within the Bergius Foundation in Stockholm. Over the years, Nordic botanical societies, herbaria and other institutions have contributed in various ways. During 2004–2006, the project was financed by Formas (the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning). The project is now tied to the Department of Phanerogamic Botany at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Science, but is presently without funding.

The primary aim of the project is to produce a scientific flora covering all wild-growing vascular plants of Norden, from Iceland in the west to Finland in the east, and from Svalbard in the north to Denmark in the south. Botanists from all the Nordic countries, both professionals and amateurs, participate in the thorough review of accounts for the flora.


The books

Flora Nordica, written in English, addresses professionals and advanced amateurs in Norden and elsewhere. According to present plans, the complete work will comprise 15 volumes.

For all species, subspecies, varieties and hybrids – also casual aliens – the treatment includes synonyms, official names in Nordic languages, and distribution information. For the more common casuals and for all residents, a fairly detailed description is provided, as well as information about chromosome numbers, habitat and reproductive biology.

Distribution in Norden is shown as dot maps, where occurrence and status in each of the 88 floristic provinces is displayed. Matters like variation and species delimitation are discussed, and unsolved problems are stated; the scope is to provide a summary of today's knowledge. An extensive list of references is included in each volume. Most illustrations are black-and-white drawings of plant details.

Published volumes

General Volume


Flora Nordica General Volume

an introduction to Nordic botany and vegetation:

  • early explorers, influential ideas, renowned books
  • plant distribution basics: physical geography, human influence, regionality, endemism
  • plant conservation
  • herbaria, standard literature, botany terms
  • explanatory notes for users
  • For Flora Nordica users, and for everyone with an interest in plants!
    105 figures (maps, photos and drawings). 287 pp. 202 x 261 mm.
    Jonsell, B. (ed.) 2004: Flora Nordica General Volume. Stockholm. ISBN 91-7190-042-X.

    Flora Nordica 1 front cover


    Flora Nordica 1

    treats ferns, fern allies and conifers together with the families Salicaceae through Polygonaceae, in all 618 taxa.
    Distribution maps are given for 256 taxa.
    224 taxa are illustrated by 110 figures.
    368 pp. 202 x 261 mm.

    Jonsell, B. (ed.) 2000: Flora Nordica 1. Stockholm. ISBN 91-7190-033-0.

    Flora Nordica 2 front cover


    Flora Nordica 2

    includes the families Chenopodiaceae through Fumariaceae, in all 585 taxa.
    Distribution maps are given for 367 taxa.
    281 taxa are illustrated by 154 figures.
    445 pp. 202 x 261 mm.

    Jonsell, B. (ed.) 2001: Flora Nordica 2. Stockholm. ISBN 91-7190-037-3.

    Flora Nordica 6, front cover


    Flora Nordica 6

    comprises 21 families, in Norden represented by 111 genera with 319 species, 33 subspecies and 118 hybrids. Among the groups treated are the families Apiaceae, Onagraceae, Cucurbitaceae, Hypericaceae and Violaceae. 166 taxa are resident.
    Distribution maps are given for 190 taxa.
    91 figures.
    298 pages. 202 x 261 mm.

    Jonsell, B. & Karlsson (eds) 2010: Flora Nordica 6. Stockholm. ISBN 978-91-86510-61-9.

    Forthcoming volumes

    The sequence of families is basically the same in Flora Nordica as in Flora Europaea, it does not necessarily reflect present knowledge about kinship (present plan, see contents of volumes). . Differences in family sequence are due to practical considerations or changes in classification (when possible, the delimitation of families reflects the classification accepted at the time of publication of each family).
    - Next in turn to be published are vols 3 and 12. Accepted contributions for later volumes may, after due consideration in each case, be published on the project's web site.

    Page updated 2013-11-19

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